Playwright is a powerful open-source automation framework for web applications. It allows you to automate browser tasks and interactions with a user-friendly API. Whether you’re testing web applications or performing repetitive tasks, Playwright simplifies the process, making it easier to script and execute actions in multiple browsers.

Playwright for Python is a powerful automation tool that lets you control web browsers with Python code. It’s perfect for tasks like web scraping, testing, and automating repetitive web interactions.

Steps to Set up Playwright with Python

Setting up Playwright is relatively simple, and here are the basic steps to get started


1. Python: Ensure that Python is installed on your system. Python 3.8 or higher is needed

To check if Python is installed, open your terminal or command prompt and run

python --version

If not, install Python using the below command. This will install Python 3. x.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install python3

2. Package Manager (pip): In this article, I prefer to use the PIP Package Manager since it’s the most common one

Verify that you have the Python package manager, pip, installed. It is usually included with Python installations. You can check its version by running

pip --version

If not installed install it using

sudo apt update
sudo apt install python3-pip

3. Virtual Environment: Creating a virtual environment is a good practice to isolate your Python environment for different projects. You can create a virtual environment using the following commands. Replace the “PSU” with your ENV name.

python3 -m venv PSU

Let’s get into the setup steps

1. Update and Upgrade: Get the system updated using the below command

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

2. Create a new folder: Create a new folder to keep it separate

3. Install Playwright: Switch to the new folder and install Playwright. You can install Playwright using “pip”

pip install playwright

4. Initialize Playwright: After installation, you need to initialize Playwright to download the browser binaries. You can do this by running the following command

playwright install

5. Testing framework: Here I am using Pytest as a testing framework. You can indeed install pytest-playwright along with Playwright

pip install pytest-playwright

Once you have both Playwright and pytest-playwright  installed, you can use the features provided by pytest-playwright  to write and run browser based tests using Playwright within Pytest test functions

5. Get started!

Yay, you are done with the setup. Activate the Virtual Environment to get started (Make sure you give the right path and name of the environment name)

Now you can generate the automation code using Playwright Codegen

playwright codegen

This will open up a Chromium browser with the given site address and a code writer window with options to switch between different test scripts. Here I have chosen Pytest

Perform whatever actions you want to automate on the site and the code for that will be generated

6. Run a sample test

Create a test file

Paste the code in the file

Run it using pytest

That’s it, You are done!

Keep in mind that sometimes you need to alter the code for more modifications

Reference: You can set up Playwright with other test frameworks too